Cycle Campaign News April 2014
Table of Contents:
From the Editor
Political leadership is of prime importance for improving conditions for cycling in the UK. This was something that MPs recognised in the All Party Parliamentary Cycling Group's 'Get Britain Cycling' report but, of course, we need the support of local political leaders too.
Hence CTC's Space for Cycling campaign. It's a good way of impressing local councillors with the strength of feeling that their constituents have about better provision for cycling - so, if you're not yet amongst the thousands of people who have already emailed their local politicians, please take action now.
Our monthly email bulletin will let you know when the latest Campaign News is online - and what's in it - subscribe here.
Produced to help inform road safety policy, targets and strategy, this report forecasts casualty numbers for 2020, 2025 and 2030. It calculates that a third of a million people will be killed or seriously injured on the roads in Great Britain over the two decades ending 2030 unless the Government acts. At 2012 prices this would represent a loss to society valued at about £110 billion.
Deaths and serious casualties amongst all road users will continue to fall, though – deaths from 1,754 in 2012 to about 1,000 in 2030; and serious casualties from 23,039 to about 11,000.
For pedal cyclists, the report reckons that 2030 is most likely to see 57 deaths (118 in 2012) and 2,500 seriously injured casualties (3,222 in 2012). The report, however, comments: “Forecasts of [pedal cycle] deaths bunch fairly closely, and continue to decrease despite the assumed increase in cycling based on the extrapolation of cycle traffic since 2000. However, the forecast of serious casualties differ widely depending on their derivation. This reflects the increase in serious casualty rate per head of population since 2004, after a relatively steady reduction since 1990.”
Report looking at recent calls for greater alignment of policy and practice across the road safety, sustainable transport and public health sectors in order to provide more effective delivery and improved outcomes.
Draws on the views of a cross-section of experts and offers case studies, including the adoption of 20 mph limits in Portsmouth, the Sustainable Travel Towns Project and Barclays Super Highways in London.
Tackling Physical Inactivity - A Coordinated Approach (All-Party Commission on Physical Activity)
Report estimating that diseases of idleness cost the UK £20 billion a year and calls for dedicated funding to make walking and cycling “regular daily transport.”
Its recommendations include: the reallocation of transport investment, providing long-term continuity of dedicated funding for walking and cycling as regular daily transport; ‘health-checking’ existing and planned new developments and infrastructure to ensure that walking, cycling, active recreation and other forms of physical activity are prioritised; and encouraging employers to support their staff, suppliers and visitors to be active while at work, or travelling to or from it.
Focus on Cycling: Copenhagen guidelines for the design of road projects (City of Copenhagen)
Guidance on how to factor cycling consistently into all the road projects undertaken in Copenhagen, i.e. regardless of whether the work in hand is a cycling project or a more general traffic scheme.
Although specific to Copenhagen and intended to correspond to its political aspirations, the guidelines make interesting reading for elsewhere, especially as it comes from a city where cycling levels - 26% of all trips - are considered to be exemplary by the World Health Organisation.
Covers: intersections (cycle-friendly crossing solutions), sections (e.g. cycle tracks and lanes - one of Copenhagen’s ‘problems’ is finding room for all the cycle traffic they’ve encouraged over the last few years…); other cycle infrastructure (e.g. parking, shared space etc.); factoring in maintenance; facilities and equipment (e.g. signage, lighting etc.); and the planning process. Well-illustrated with photos and diagrams.
Estimating local mortality burdens associated with particulate air pollution (Public Health England)
A report giving figures for the deaths attributable to air pollution, broken down by UK local authority area. It discusses the concepts and assumptions behind these calculations and explains how such estimates can be made. Intended to inform public health professionals and air quality specialists, particularly those within local authorities, and help them raise awareness of the mortality burden of air pollution within their local area and take action.
Says that: "Central estimates of the fraction of mortality attributable to long-term exposure to current levels of anthropogenic particulate air pollution range from around 2.5% in some local authorities in rural areas of Scotland and Northern Ireland with low levels of air pollution, and between 3% and 5% in Wales, to over 8% in some of the most polluted London boroughs.”
Costs and benefits of a bicycle helmet law for Germany (Institute of Transport Economics Munster working paper No. 21)
By Gernot Sieg
Study looking at the costs and benefits of introducing a cycle helmet law in Germany. Concludes that it would be a waste of the country’s resources because analysis shows that the benefits of such a law would be about 0.714 of the costs. The author takes into account: the benefit of increased security when cyclists wear a helmet or use a transport mode that is less risky than cycling; the cost of purchasing helmets; reduced fitness when cycling is replaced by a motorised transport mode; the discomfort of wearing helmets; and environmental externalities.
Feet First – Improving Pedestrian Safety in London (GLA Transport Committee)
London Assembly report looking at the worrying rise in the danger to pedestrians on the capital’s streets - in 2012, 69 pedestrians were killed and another 1,054 seriously injured (there were 14 cycling fatalities).
Its eight recommendations include: a ‘Vision Zero’ approach to eliminating road death and injury; appointing a ‘walking champion’; re-calculating ‘Green Man’ timings to make crossings safer; developing plans to improve 24 pedestrian collision hotspots; and a timescale for implementing 20 mph limits.
Older People Deserve 20 mph limits (20’s Plenty)
One page briefing explaining the importance of 20 mph for older adults. 60+ year olds hit at 30mph, for example, face a 47% fatality risk compared to 7% for others. It also takes older people on average 20% longer to cross a road and they are likely to be more unstable and at risk of falls.