Designed for Cycling

Chris Peck's picture

Wolverhampton plans city centre revamp - but excludes cyclists

A scheme to revitalise and improve the city centre of Wolverhampton threatens to close National Cycle Network 81 to two-way cycling, the main west-east route through the city centre and access to the railway station. It's open for consultation until January 2013 - tell the city council you object!
This mockup shows the planned one-way streets - excluding contra-flow cycling

Having a cycle friendly city centre - from which motor vehicles were deterred - is one of the mainstay's of CTC's Cycletopia concept

But Wolverhampton is proposing doing exactly the opposite.

Their plans are likely to cause huge problems for cyclists. Presently several streets permit cyclists to travel through 'pedestrian zones', however, under new plans, these will be removed and made one-way streets, with no contra-flow cycling.

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Chris Peck's picture

London Assembly demands better cycle infrastructure

The London Assembly Transport Committee is calling on the Mayor to provide much better facilities for cycling, hugely increase the budget, and set a higher target for cycle use.
Games lanes showed how space could be painlessly reallocated from motor traffic

At a time when cycle safety in London is deteriorating, even though cycling levels are increasing, the Committee's report has focused attention on improving the standard of design of facilities for cyclists, reducing the speed of traffic, and rolling out new cycle lanes along Go Dutch principles on London's busiest streets.

The report draws unfavourable comparisons with New York, where reallocation of road space has provided high quality cycling facilities. Cycle use has subsequently boomed while the risk of cycling has continued to fall.

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CTC's picture

Brighton cyclists celebrate 2-way cycling!

Local cycle campaign group Bricycles has long called for the reinstatement of 2-way cycling, running a “One way? No way” campaign...
CTC Campaigner Becky Reynolds cycling legally through North Laine, Brighton

Local cyclists in Brighton can now cycle legally in any direction through North Laine, the network of shopping and residential streets near Brighton Station.

Traffic orders by Brighton and Hove City Council exempt cyclists from one-way restrictions in Trafalgar Street, Gloucester Road, Gloucester Street, Vine Street, Robert Street, Kensington Street and 7 other streets (Church Street, Foundry Street, Kemp Street, Kensington Place, Over Street, Queen’s Gardens, and Tidy Street). New cycling signs have been marked out on the roads.

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Chris Peck's picture

Big Apple takes a bite out of streets

New York City has been radically shifting space on its main thoroughfares away from cars, providing high quality cycle facilities, more space for pedestrians and better bus networks. Now research is starting to show the economic and social benefits.
New York City has begun to transform major streets

Over the last few years New York has undertaken a major programme of work to improve conditions for walking, cycling and public transport, by removing space from motor traffic. 

Many of the hostile, 5+ lane wide, network of north-south avenues on Manhattan have been transformed, and high quality, wide cycle lanes installed. Removing capacity for motor traffic has resulted in massively reduced casualties, while the improvement to public space has, in some cases, led to improvements in the local economy.

9th Avenue's new design has resulted in:

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Chris Peck's picture

Proposed new junction designs show little sign of innovation

Transport for London has just released proposed new junction designs to improve conditions for cyclists. These schemes involve very minor changes to the road layouts, which in themselves may make conditions slightly easier but they show little sign of innovative or bold thinking.
Proposals for Lambeth Bridge lack ambition

For several months now Transport for London (TfL) has been consulting stakeholders on the first out of the 100 junctions they aim to make better for cyclists.

This project stems from the disaster at Bow Roundabout, where a newly redesigned junction was partly implicated in a death of a cyclist, Brian Dorling, in 2011. Together with pressure from the Times's Cities fit for cycling campaign, the Government provided £15m for junctions in London, followed by another £15m for other parts of England.

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Cherry Allan's picture

Cycle-friendly design and planning: Overview

CTC's vision is to see people of all ages, backgrounds and abilities feeling able to cycle safely and confidently for all types of journey. Designing - or re-designing - neighbourhoods, town centres and road networks to cater properly for them is essential...
Cycle lane
Headline Messages: 
  • CTC’s vision is to see a massive step-change in cycle use, so that people of all ages, backgrounds and abilities feel able to cycle safely and confidently for all types of journey.
  • Our neighbourhoods, town centres and road networks should be fundamentally redesigned to be ‘people-friendly’, with cycling not only contributing to a reduction in car dependence, but also benefiting from it. Through-traffic should be channelled onto a limited network of main roads – which should have dedicated cycle provision on or alongside them – while traffic volumes and speeds are kept low on other streets or lanes. Dedicated cycle routes and cycle-friendly access restrictions (e.g. limiting motorised access to town-centres or rat-runs) can encourage people to choose cycling over motorised travel for day-to-day journeys.
  • The cycle network should include the whole road network, supplemented by high-quality cycle routes away from the road network, e.g. through parks and open spaces, or along canals, waterfronts and disused rail corridors. Dedicated cycle provision should be safe and feel safe, showing that society positively values those who choose to cycle, and avoiding any impression that they are a ‘nuisance’ to be ‘kept out of the way of the traffic.’
  • In general, CTC advocates:
    • 20 mph limits for most built-up streets (including villages), and the widespread adoption of 40 mph or lower limits for rural lanes;
    • Some form of dedicated space on busier urban roads, particularly where higher speed limits are retained; and
    • Parallel off-road facilities for dual carriageways and inter-urban roads.
  • However, decisions on appropriate solutions will also need to reflect local factors, such as junctions and junction layouts, and demand for parking or loading.
  • In most places, the main priority for significant capital spending in the years ahead will be to redesign larger junctions to be cycle-friendly, or to open up links for cyclists across (or avoiding) major barriers to safe and convenient cycle travel. Opportunities should also be sought to maximise the funding for cycling improvements through the planning system and road maintenance budgets.
CTC View (formal statement of CTC's policy): 

General principles:

  • An overall aim of transport planning should be to increase cycling as part of a strategy to halt and reverse the growth of motor traffic. This could be achieved through pricing mechanisms (e.g. fuel duty, road user charging, and tax incentives for cycling), the availability or cost of parking, or by regulations and physical road closures to limit motor vehicle access whilst maintaining access for cyclists.
  • The road network and cycle facilities should be designed and maintained to a high standard, free of potholes, debris and obstructions.

Two road signs - No Entry sign with Except Cycles sign below it

Urban streets and rural lanes:

  • 20 mph limits should be the norm for most streets in built-up areas, with exceptions to be identified by local authorities in consultation with local communities.
  • Speed limits of 40 mph or lower should be the norm for rural single carriageways, with 20 mph the norm in villages.
  • On both residential streets and rural lanes, low traffic speeds should preferably be achieved through quality design, to make the street or lane feel like it is primarily for people not motor vehicles. Cruder forms of traffic calming, such as road humps and narrowings, are a less good option, as they can be unpleasant and unsafe for cyclists, and are generally unpopular.
  • On busier urban roads, some form of dedicated space for cyclists should be provided. Alternatively, this may include use of decent width bus lanes or on carriageway cycle lanes, preferably with coloured surfacing. It may also include cycle lanes created from carriageway space involving physical segregation both from motor vehicles and pedestrians, where the relevant highway authority has the will to do this to a high standard. Where there is insufficient space for such provision, the aim must be to reduce traffic volumes and/or speeds, so that cyclists can share the road safely with the other traffic using it.

Dual carriageways, inter-urban main roads and major junctions:

  • On dual carriageways and inter-urban main roads, the form of cycle provision normally preferred should be a physically segregated cycle track parallel to the road, with provision made for cyclists to pass under, over, around or through major junctions.
  • High speed or multi-lane junctions should either have signalised crossing points, ‘early advance’ cyclists’ traffic lights, and/or safe and convenient bypass routes, bridges or underpasses, so that cyclists can get round or through the junction safely and conveniently in all directions.
  • Bridges and tunnels designed to high standards should be provided at appropriate locations to enable cyclists and other non-motorised users to cross major roads where potential links on minor roads or off-road rights of way are currently severed.

Off-road cycle facilities:

  • Traffic-free routes should be provided away from roads, e.g. using parks and open spaces, canal and riversides. These should form direct and convenient connections to the wider road network and to key destinations, and should have good riding surfaces.
  • Traffic-free routes away from roads should add to, not substitute for, the creation of safe, convenient and pleasant cycling conditions on or adjacent to the road network, so that cyclists have easy access to the full range of destinations that other road users can get to.

Towpath in Guildford, beside the River Wey. Used by both pedestrians and cyclists.

Other cycling infrastructure:

  • Cycle signing should be provided to help people find suitable routes.
  • Sensibly-designed cycle parking should be provided at key destinations to meet the needs of both short-stay visitors and longer-stay users e.g. at schools, workplaces and rail stations which will generally require more secure, sheltered provision. Levels of cycle parking provision should reflect anticipated increases in demand.

Maintenance and funding sources:

  • Roads and off-road routes used by cyclists should be surfaced and maintained to a high standard. The needs of cyclists should be reflected in highway authorities’ procedures for reporting, inspecting and repairing defects, and in the management of street works, winter maintenance, debris/vegetation clearance and lighting policies.
  • The costings of off-road cycle facilities should include provision for their maintenance.
  • Opportunities should be sought to maximise the funding available for improved cycling provision from new developments and highway maintenance budgets.

Ensuring high and consistent quality:

  • Planners and engineers should be given professional training in the principles of cycle-friendly planning and design.
  • The highway network and alterations to it should be subjected to a cycle audit and review process.
     
Download full campaigns briefing: 
Publication Date: 
October 2012
Roger Geffen's picture

CTC declares support for quality segregation while still opposing "farcilities"

12 October 2012
CTC has published its revised policy on infrastructure setting out an ambition to see “a massive step-change in cycle use, so that people of all ages, backgrounds and abilities can feel able to cycle safely and confidently for all types of journey.”
CTC supports high quality facilities - not fiddly pavement conversions

The new policy calls for neighbourhoods, town centres and road networks to be “fundamentally redesigned to be ‘people-friendly’, with cycling not only contributing to a reduction in car dependence, but also benefiting from it”.

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Chris Peck's picture

From the archive - The Times, 1st August 1934

In 1934 the Times published a statement from the Cyclists' Touring Club on road safety. Many of the issues raised still resonate - while in other areas the suggestions appear ludicrous in the modern day.
The Times carried CTC's views on road safety

Things weren't going well in the 1930s. As cars became more powerful, and the interests of the motorist began to become entwined with the establishment, legislators decided to abandon the 20 mph speed limit. 

For four years, carnage reigned - the rate of injury and death climbed, with cyclists making up almost a quarter of road deaths - an astonishing 1,324 deaths out of 5,862 in total in 1933 and 1,400 out of 6,502 by 1935.

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Chris Peck's picture

Labour promises push on cycling

2 October 2012
Maria Eagle MP, the Shadow Secretary of State for Transport, has endorsed the Times manifesto on cycling and promised to implement its demands in full. The statement follows last week's commitment at the Liberal Democrat conference calling for widespread 20 mph speed limits.
Maria Eagle endorsed the Cities fit for cycling campaign

At the Labour Party Conference in Manchester, Maria Eagle MP spoke to delegates setting out her views on high speed rail, bus reform and active travel. 

She congratulated the Times on its 'Cities fit for cycling' campaign, and demanded the Government implement its manifesto in full. 

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MattHodges's picture

Cycletopia in Lancaster?

As one of the original Cycle Demonstration Towns (CDT) Lancaster has been trying to move towards the cycling nirvana depicted in CTC’s Cycletopia. So after all the effort and increased spending what have we achieved? Matt Hodges, CTC's representative in Lancaster, gives his views.
A new ramp now connects the canal towpath to the Lune Cycle Path

Lancaster CDT includes the seaside town of Morecambe and a wide rural hinterland.  Although bypassed by the M6 it had a major congestion problem on the city centre gyratory system and on the two road bridges over the river Lune.  But it also had the opportunity of a railway path linking Morecambe to Lancaster via a cycle and pedestrian bridge built for the Millennium. There were also other railway paths.

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